Speakers
Ming-Han (Robert) Kuo
Apr 03, 2017
My life in Taiwan & My Americn Experience Greeter: Alan Ott
Chancelor Andrew Leavitt
Apr 10, 2017
UW-Oshkosh
Josh Anderson
Apr 17, 2017
Volunteer Opportunities at Lambeau Field. . . Greeter:
Eric or Brady Hoopman
Apr 24, 2017
Beach Building Renovation (Meting at the Building)
Colleen Merrill
May 01, 2017
Small Business Development Center
Presidents Choice Meeting
May 08, 2017
Greeter:
 
 
 

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Club Information

Our Club Celebrated Its 100th Birthday on March 1, 2017

Oshkosh

100 Years of Service

We meet Mondays at 12:00 PM
Oshkosh Premier Waterfront Hotel
1 N. Main Street
P. O. Box 785 (Club Mailing Address)
Oshkosh, WI  54903-0785
United States
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Oshkosh Rotary Club News
Alan Ott will greet members and guests, give a reflection and lead the Pledge of Allegiance.
 
Robert will tell us about his life in Taiwan and his American Adventure.
 
 
Club member Dick Campbell gave a presentation about the Lewis and Clark Expedition, one of his newest history talks.
 
Note: This presentation is copyrighted by Dick Campbell. No part of this document may be reprinted without Mr. Campbell's permission.
 
Dick
 
LEWIS AND CLARK EXPEDITION (1803-1806)
On June 20, 1803, President Thomas Jefferson sent the following instructions to Meriwether Lewis:
The object of your mission is to explore the Missouri River, and such principal stream of it, as, by its course and communication with the waters of the Pacific Ocean may offer the most direct & practicable water communication across this continent for the purpose of commerce…”    
With these words President Thomas Jefferson outlined the chief purpose of one of the most important expeditions in American history: Finding an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean and the charting of the vast territory added to the United States by the purchase of the Louisiana Territory. We now remember it as the Lewis and Clark Expedition, after its two commanders, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. They both were experienced Army officers, accustomed to frontier command, who equipped and disciplined a small military party so well that it covered more than 8,000 miles to the Pacific Ocean and back, with the loss of only one life, and with only one actively hostile encounter with Indians, over a period of 28 months, at a total cost of $38,722.25.
In 1803 Emperor Napoleon Bonopart, of France, decided to abandon his ambitions in North America and sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States. With this sale, the U.S. Government acquired 830,000 square miles of territory…. The treaty was signed on May 2, 1803 and ceremoniously transferred from France to the United States on March 10, 1804 on the St. Louis riverfront at a spot near the present Gateway Arch.
Jefferson set about putting together an expedition to explore this new territory. He appointed his personal secretary, 29-year old, Meriwether Lewis to lead the group. Jefferson had Lewis study botany, map-making, astronomy, the use of celestial instruments, geology, zoology and the latest medical knowledge under Dr. Benjamin Rush, one of the most famous physicians of the day.       
 
For this combined scientific and pioneering expedition, Lewis needed a fellow officer to serve as co-leader. He chose a friend from his army days, 33 year old, William Clark. Clark, too, was from a Virginia family, one also with a distinguished military tradition…. William Clark was a skilled cartographer and was responsible for mapping the route explored to the Pacific and back.
On June 19, 1803, Lewis wrote to Clark, who was in Kentucky, and told him of the mission and plans. He concluded with an invitation to greatness: “If therefore there is anything in this enterprise which would induce you to participate with me in its fatigues, its dangers, and its honors, believe me there is no man on earth with whom I should feel equal pleasure in sharing them with as yourself.” Weeks went by with no word from Clark…. Clark’s reply finally came on July 29. “My friend I do assure you no man lives with whom I would prefer to undertake such a trip as yourself,” Clark wrote to Lewis, thus ending any thoughts of what history might have come to call the “Lewis and Hooke Expedition.”
The co-leaders set about the task of choosing the men to accompany them. They would have to be independent, self-reliant, and reliable, yet work well with others and be able to take commands. In Lewis’s words, they looked for men who were, “good hunters, stout, healthy, unmarried, accustomed to the woods and capable of bearing bodily fatigue.”
HOW DID THEY TRAVEL? The corps was to rely on a number of different means of travel. The method was determined by the geography of the region in which they traveled. No matter what the method, there were large amounts of supplies and trade items that were required to be transported.
            Keelboat –served as the command vessel for the first part of the journey. Constructed in Pittsburgh, PA, it was 55 feet long, eight feet wide, drew only about three feet of water and could carry about 12 tons of goods and supplies. It resembled a galley, with benches for 22 oarsmen, a deck at the bow, and an elevated stern deck above a cabin.
 
Extremely versatile, the keelboat could be rowed, sailed, pushed along with setting poles, or pulled by ropes.
Pirogues – These were two flat-bottomed open boats, (one red, one white), that were also rigged to use a small sail. Like the keelboat, they could be sailed or rowed, and with a large central deck area they could carry up to eight tons of cargo. 
Canoes – Once the keelboat was sent back they would need additional water craft besides the two pirogues. They would have to have dugout canoes to carry the men and supplies west to the mountains. Along the way 15 of these were made, from cottonwood trees and ponderosa pines, and ranged in size from 25 to 30 feet. Each weighed more than a ton.  
Bullboats – The Indian bullboats were circular in form, and the framework was made out of willow or cottonwood branches held together by leather thongs. Skins, usually buffalo, were stretched over the branch framework.
Horses – These were primarily used by hunters, who paralleled the rivers on shore and used them to carry game back to the expedition, as needed. Horses were also the crucial element for the successful crossing of the mountains….
 
WHAT DID THEY TAKE WITH THEM? – The captains packed folding telescopes, surveying equipment, sextants (for measuring vertical angles of latitude), and a chronometer (for longitude measurements). Perhaps most important, they made sure they had plenty of paper, ink powder, and pencils to prepare their invaluable journals.
WHEN DID THE EXPEDITION BEGIN? – The Lewis and Clark Expedition initially began in Pittsburgh, PA, where Lewis picked up the keelboat. The boat was supposed to be ready July 20, 1803, but when Lewis arrived, he found it nowhere near completion. Frustrated, Lewis soothed himself by buying a large black Newfoundland dog for $20 – a staggering sum for a dog. He called the dog Seaman. (As far as we know, Seaman accompanied the expedition throughout the entire journey.) 
The keelboat was finally finished on August 31, and Lewis set out down the Ohio River with at least 11 other men, and a single pirogue. It took them six weeks to travel down the shallow Ohio River arriving on October 14 at Louisville in Indiana Territory, where Lewis picked up William Clark and several other crewmen.
Clark’s servant, York, also joined the crew at this time. In most respects York served as an equal member of the crew throughout the voyage.
The Corps left Louisville on October 26 and continued down the Ohio River to the Mississippi River, where they traveled up to the village of St. Louis. There, they set up camp near the mouth of the Missouri River on December 12, 1803, on the Wood River, which they called Camp River Debois. Throughout the next five months, Clark continued to recruit and train crewmen into a disciplined military unit, while Lewis spent most of the winter in St. Louis gathering information and acquiring additional supplies.
WHAT ROUTE DID THEY FOLLOW? – Beginning in May, 1804, they followed the Missouri River to its headwaters in western Montana, (a distance of over 2,400 miles), then north by land travel, then west across the mountains in Idaho, then down the Clearwater River to the Snake River, then to the Columbia River and finally to the Pacific Ocean.
 
WHAT WERE SOME OF THE HARDSHIPS & HAZARDS ENCOUNTERED ALONG THE WAY? – For the Corps of Discovery, dangers and hardships were daily occurrences. The problems that they caused were usually minor, but a few became life threatening . . . Indians – Almost all of the encounters with the Indians were friendly and peaceful. Information, food, and goods were traded. Petty thievery was mentioned in the journals as the biggest problem.
Grizzly Bears –The Corps confronted these huge bears all along the upper Missouri River in North Dakota and Montana. It often took 8 to 10 shots to bring one down. One lone man was no match for the grizzly, so they always hunted in pairs.
Mosquitoes – Areas were thick with them. They were very tormenting, as they would get in the nose, throat, eyes and ears.
Rivers, Rapids, and Falls – There is no doubt that the falls and rapids were great challenges. They took a toll on the members and equipment.
 Mountains and Snow – Their passage over the mountains in Idaho was terrible. They were steep and rocky; trees were fallen; temperatures were cold; snows were heavy; no water to drink except melted snow; and game nearly non-existent.
Lack of Food – Even though they brought large quantities of food along with them, they could not bring enough to last the whole journey. They expected to live off the land, when necessary. There were a large number of people in their party and they required a large amount of food.
 It has been estimated that each person required up to 8 to 9 pounds of meat a day to provide him with sufficient energy. (That’s 32 quarter-pounders a day.) This was no problem until they got to the mountains where food and game was scarce.
Accidents and Sickness – From the onset of the journey the members of the party suffered from one problem or another: improper diet, exhaustion from hard work, exposure to cold water and freezing temperatures, frostbite, boils, dysentery, diarrhea, typhoid fever, malaria, venereal disease, blisters, sore and cut feet, twisted ankles, and infections from normal cuts and bruises.
 
At the time of the Lewis and Clark expedition, St. Louis was 40 years old with a population of about 1,000 people. It was here that Lewis gathered additional supplies for the expedition’s success. The Corps of Discovery put in very near where the Gateway Arch today dominates the sky.
On May 14, 1804, Clark and the Corps of Discovery departed Camp River Debois and headed up the Missouri River, using sails, oars, and long poles to move forward.
From May 16 through May 21 they paused at St. Charles, waiting for Lewis to arrive overland from St. Louis with their final supplies. St. Charles was a small village with about 450 inhabitants. Founded in 1769 as a fur-trading post, it was the first permanent white settlement on the Missouri River.
 
Departing from St. Charles on May 21, with 45 men, the expedition traveled up the Missouri River in their keelboat and the two smaller pirogues for the next six months until they reached the home of the Mandan Indians in November….
Through the long, hot summer of 1804, they laboriously worked their way upriver. Numerous navigational hazards slowed their progress. There were other problems, including disciplinary floggings, two desertions, a man dishonorably discharged for mutiny, and the death of a crew member.
            As would be the pattern for much of the journey, Lewis spent a great deal of his time ashore with his dog, Seaman, walking and exploring, collecting plant and animal specimens and noting details of the land, while the boats made their average progress of about 8 to 12 miles per day. Clark remained with the boats, making certain that everything proceeded according to schedule. Their journals recorded the first scientific descriptions of 178 plant specimens and 122 animals and birds.
 
                                                                      ….
 
As the expedition moved through the Dakotas, the need to find a place to spend the winter became acute. On October 26, 1804, roughly 1,600 miles from St. Louis, the Corps of Discovery reached the villages established by the Mandan and Hidatsa Indians. These villages of 4,400 people were more populous than Philadelphia at that time, and formed the cultural and economic Mecca of the northern Great Plains.
 It was at this point that the members of the Corps built a triangular shaped cottonwood log building and called it Fort Mandan, in honor of the local inhabitants. This is where they spent the long, cold winter of 1804-05.
It was here that the men met French-Canadian trapper, Toussaint Charbonneau, and his young Indian wife, Sacagawea, who were to become among the most famous members of the party. The Mandans helped Lewis and Clark draw crude maps of what lay ahead and warned them of a great waterfall many miles away. When the Corps reached the Rocky Mountains, they were told that they would have to find the Shoshone tribe and buy horses. To do that, they would need a guide and interpreter. And that is why Charbonneau, and Sacagawea, who was pregnant, were chosen to go along. Since no woman ever accompanied a war party, she would also confirm the expedition’s friendly intentions to all the Indian tribes they would encounter.
Sacagawea was a Lemhi Shoshone Indian, who had been kidnapped by the Hidatsa Indians during a raid at the Three Forks of the Missouri in present-day Montana, when she was 12 years old in 1800. She gave birth to her son, Jean Baptiste, nick-named “Pomp,” on February 11, 1805 at Fort Mandan.
 
The Corps set off from Fort Mandan on April 7, 1805 in the two pirogues and six large newly built dugout canoes which were packed to the gunwales, ready to head upstream with 31 men, a woman, a baby boy, (less than two months old) and a dog. The keelboat was sent back down the Missouri River to St. Louis with the captain’s reports, four live magpie birds, a live prairie dog, and many other specimens to President Jefferson.
Thus began the second all water leg of their journey, heading west on the upper Missouri, which would take them for the next four months to the foot of the Rocky Mountains, and hopefully a rendezvous with the Shoshone Indians and some horses.
Moving up the river from the Mandan villages, they passed the confluence of the Yellowstone River with the Missouri on April 26, and entered a country where Lewis observed “immense herds of buffalo, elk, deer, and antelopes feeding in one common and boundless pasture.”
On June 13, while scouting ahead of the rest of the expedition, Lewis reached the Great Falls of the Missouri, towering up to 90 feet. He also discovered four more waterfalls farther upstream. The expedition had to portage 18 miles around these five falls. They attached wheels, cut from cottonwood trees, to their six canoes to drag and push them overland in four-round trips, totaling 11 days.         
            Transporting the heavy dugouts and baggage up the steep incline from the river and traversing the long stretch of prairie lands was an exhausting ordeal. Menaced by grizzly bears, rattlesnakes and flash floods, mauled by hailstorms, their feet mercilessly jabbed by prickly pear cactus, added to their difficult travel.
 
Continued below ...
       
The digital copy of the new Club Directory is now available on the Club Website.  It can be accessed by going to Member Area and in My Club Runner section click on "View Club Documents".   The Directories and listed below the copies of Spokes.
The new Club Runner mobile app for Android & IPhones is available for download.  This app will allow you to access information on our Oshkosh Rotary website. You will be able to view member lists, officers and directors, the calendar of upcoming events and recent stories.
To download the app from the Apple App Store or from Google Play simply type "ClubRunner" in the search bar.  The user id and password for this app is the same one you use to access the member area of our Oshkosh Rotary website.  Try it!!
 
Rotary Stories
Soy Cow Operation Going Strong

This project is the result of a unique partnership led by Southwest Oshkosh Rotary and supported by the Oshkosh
Rotary Club and the LaMolina Vieja Rotary Club in Lima Peru.  This joint project has become a model of international cooperation and effective project management in Peru and is one of the few soy cow projects that have persisted beyond the initial phase.

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This operation also produces a by-product of undiscovered fiber called "okara" which is utilized as an ingredient in the production of bread by a government supported bakery.  The protein rich bread is distributed th the needy along with the soymilk.  As a result there is no waste product and the full nutritional value of the soybeans reaches those in need.

Management of the project is very "hands-on" under the leadership of Rotarian Bill Thimke who along with other Rotarians visits Peru several times a year to check on the "cows".   Bill was trained by the cows' manufacturer to assemble and repair the machines and thus often brings new parts and services the cows on these visits.

In 2010 La Molina completed construction of a new building to house both the current machine and a new and much larger ASC50 machine which doubled the production capability and increased production capacity to over 4,000 servings a day.   The $21,000 machine was funded by the two Oshkosh Rotary Clubs.  La Molina has also purchased a new delivery vehicle and has taken over the funding of the beans and other supplies.

A cow installed in 2007 in Ate, Peru continues operation under the Oshkosh Rotary Club sponsorship.  Also in 2010 a new soy cow was installed in the northern Peruvian city of Piata and Rimac in cooperation with the local Rotary Clubs. 
Members work to make our Oshkosh community a better place

to live. In the past years our club has supported the following local projects and programs:

  • EAA housing program to provide housing for visiting Rotarians and their guests during EAA's AirVenture;
  • Staff the Shared Harvest booth, a local Rotary program to obtain farmers' donations of Farm Market excess produce for the Oshkosh Area Community Pantry;
  • Joined with students from our PALS school, South Park Middle School, in a Spring Cleanup of South Park;    
  • Worked concessions, parking lots and entrances at Waterfest;
  • Worked at the "Red Kettle" campaign at holiday time to raise funds for the Salvation Army
  • Conducted an essay contest for students at South Park Middle School, our PALS (Partners at Learning) school, on the applicability of the Rotary Four-Way Test of ethical behavior, with a top prize of $100;  
  • Souper Bowl- collection of canned soups and cash for the Oshkosh Area Community Food Pantry during Super Bowl time 
  • Supported the Oshkosh Area United Way annual campaign and campaign kickoff event.
  • Contributed funds to the Day by Day warming shelter
  • Tubes for Teeth: a toothpaste drive for the Oshkosh area schools Hygiene Fair.  Collected over 500 tubes of toothpaste
  • Donated funds to pay for new Oshkosh Farmers Market signage
  • One program every month is designated to showcase an Oshkosh business
  • Hosted a Murder Mystery dinner on Valentine's Day as a fund raiser for local community projects

What does it mean to be a Rotary member??    This short video says it well - take a look!

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